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HomeDog Breeds > Vizsla
Other Name: 

Hungarian vizsla, Magyar vizsla, Hungarian pointer, Drotszoru Magyar vizsla

Primary Current Function: 

pointing, pointing field trials


gundog, pointer, versatile hunting dog

Original Function: 

pointing, falconry, trailing

Date of Origin: 

Middle Ages

Place of Origin: 



The vizsla breed may have been the result of a mixture of breeds collected by the Magyars as they swarmed across Europe before invading Hungary from the east. Some of the dogs possibly included in this mix are the Turkish yellow dog, the Transylvania hound and the Weimaraner.

Vizsla Breed Health

Minor concerns: 

hemophilia A, CMO, CHD

Avg Size of Female: 

Height: 21-23 inches, Weight: 45-65 pounds

Life span: 

10 – 14 years

Major concerns: 


Suggested tests: 


Avg Size of Male: 

Height: 22-24 inches, Weight: 45-65 pounds

Occasionally seen: 


Vizsla Breed History

Dogs that fit the description of the vizsla are found in writings on falconry that date back to the Middle Ages. Hungarian hunters were seeking a fast and close-working dog that could point and retrieve birds, as well as trail mammals over thick ground cover. By the 18 th century, barons and warlords had discovered the breed and sought it out, however by the end of World War I, the vizsla was virtually extinct. A few good specimens were bred to repopulate the breed, and after World War II, vizslas spread outside of its native Hungary. This was due in part to Hungarians fleeing Russian occupation and taking their hunting dogs and companion pets with them. In the 1950s, the breed began appearing in the United States. In 1960, the AKC recognized the breed with its handsome appearance and exceptional hunting skills.

Vizsla Breed Appearance

The vizsla is medium-sized and muscular, but lightly built. Its form enables it to be fast and graceful with high endurance. Its gait is smooth and light, and it can cover a lot of ground. Its coat is golden rust colored and short and straight. Some have small white marks on its chest and feet. The thick coat protects it from the elements while it hunts.

Vizsla Breed Temperament

The vizsla is a hunter at heart and must be given plenty of opportunities to exercise or it will grow frustrated and destructive. It has a good nose and is always on the lookout for bird scent. Even with its high learning rate and obedience level, the vizsla can be stubborn. Some tend to be timid while others can be overly excitable, however shyness and nervousness are penalized in showings. This breed is friendly and sociable and adapts well to family life. It can be protective and will make a good watchdog.

Vizsla Breed Maintenance

The vizsla’s coat requires minimal care – an occasional dry shampoo or a brushing using a firm bristle brush. It is an active breed that requires lots of strenuous activity on a daily basis. It needs more than just a short walk or playtime in a small yard, but thrives if allowed to run free in a large fenced area or to join its owner on a jog while leashed. This breed also requires mental stimulation, such as playing with its owner, in order to be truly happy. It can live outdoors in warm climates, but must have adequate shelter and a soft bed. It should be brought indoors during cold weather. Owners need to make their authority clear from the beginning, and basic training introduced during as a puppy will help meet this end. The vizsla is easy to train, since it aims to please. Harsh training methods will only ruin this breed.

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