Pekingese Breed HealthOccasionally seen:
13 - 15 yearsMajor concerns:
elongated soft palate, stenotic nares, KCS, patellar luxation, disticiasis, trichiasis, skin fold dermatitisAvg Size of Female:
Height: 6-9 inches, Weight: <14 poundsAvg Size of Male:
Height: 6-9 inches, Weight: <14 poundsSuggested tests:
The breed is sensitive to anesthesia and does not tolerate heat well. It is also prone to corneal abrasions. Puppies must often be delivered by Caesarian.
Pekingese Breed History
The Foo dogs that were around during that time resembled miniature lions, which was a religious symbol of Buddhism. The breeding of these “lion dogs” was a principal concern, and the resulting dogs were treated as royalty and continually pampered. They even had their own servants. The Emperor’s dogs were sacrificed and buried with him to join him in the afterlife. The Pekingese were so treasured by the royalty that punishment for stealing one was death. In 1860, the breed finally made its way out of the palace, although even today it retains its need to be pampered. During a raid of the Imperial Summer Palace in Peking during the Second Opium War, British and French troops discovered five Pekingese. The other dogs had been killed to prevent them from falling into enemy hands, however the five dogs were overlooked and survived. The British brought one of the lion dogs to Queen Victoria, who named it “Looty,” because of how he was acquired. Public demand for the dogs was almost immediate, however due to the scarcity of the breed, only the upper class could afford them. It was first shown in Britain in 1893 and was recognized by the AKC in 1909. Today the Pekingese is loved and pampered as both a show dog and companion pet.
Pekingese Breed Maintenance
The coat of the Pekingese must be brushed daily to prevent matting. Check its hindquarters, which may become soiled. Dry shampoo regularly, and clean the wrinkle above its nose to prevent infection. Check its feet after outdoor activities for sticks and burrs, which may cling to the fur. The Pekingese is a great apartment pet. It does not require much exercise, however it does need some physical activity to prevent weight gain and laziness. Some Pekingese refuse to walk on a leash and may do better with a harness rather than a collar. This breed cannot handle excess heat and can die of heat prostration. It should not be expected to sleep outside. Because of its short muzzle, the Pekingese is prone to snoring.