Manchester Terrier

Manchester Terrier

Manchester Terrier

Manchester Terrier
Other Name: 

black and tan terrier, English toy terrier (toy)

Date of Origin: 


Original Function: 

ratting, rabbit hunting, hunting small rodents



Avg Size of Toy Female: 

Height: 10-12 inches, Weight: <12 (6-8) pounds

Avg Size of Standard Male: 

15-16 Height: inches, Weight: 12-22 pounds

Primary Current Function: 

earthdog trials, companion

Avg Size of Toy Male: 

Height: 10-12 inches, Weight: <12 (6-8) pounds

Avg Size of Standard Female: 

15-16 Height: inches, Weight: 12-22 pounds

Place of Origin: 



Manchester Terrier was first mentioned in the 16th century in England. This black and tan terrier was renowned for its ratting abilities. The working class began using the breed for sport, betting on which dog would kill the most rats in an allotted time.

Manchester Terrier Breed Health

Major concerns: 

lens luxation

Occasionally seen: 

epilepsy, skin fragility

Minor concerns: 

Legg–Perthes, vWD

Suggested tests: 

eye, DNA for vWD

Life span: 

14 – 16 years

Manchester Terrier Breed History

A Manchester named Billy reportedly killed 100 rats in only 6 minutes and 13 seconds during such a contest. The terriers were also raced with whippets for entertainment. John Hulme of Manchester, England eventually crossed the two breeds to create a refined dog with an arched back. In 1860, the breed’s name was changed from black and tan terrier to its official name of Manchester terrier, however the name didn’t permanently stick until 1923. The black and tan terrier-type dog was common in other regions and bred with many other dogs, including the Italian greyhound. The size of the breed varies greatly, however the toy variety has been known since 1881. Initially, a small size was the goal without regard to the breed’s health. This resulted in tiny, frail dogs as small as 2 ½ pounds. Soon the miniature version was developed as a diminutive version of the standard. Although not as small as the toy, it was a stronger, healthier breed. Initially, the AKC considered the toy and standard Manchester terriers as two separate breeds that were permitted to interbreed. In 1959, they were reclassified as different varieties for a single breed, which better explained the allowance of interbreeding. Today, the Manchester terrier’s popularity has lessened some, even though the breed makes an excellent companion and superb ratter.

Manchester Terrier Breed Appearance

This black and tan terrier is sleek, compact, and slightly longer than it is tall. While muscular and sturdy, it still retains a look of elegance. The short tail tapers to a point. The ears are v-shaped and are either upright, cropped, or naturally folded. The expression is alert, and its gait is effortless. The short glossy coat can only be colored in tan and black. The toy is a miniature version of the standard, but always with erect ears.

Manchester Terrier Breed Temperament

This cat-like breed is sensitive, independent, and clean. It is well behaved and easy to train, although it may be stubborn requiring firm training. The Manchester is always on the go and is extremely curious. The toy is prone to scrappiness. The Manchester terrier is devoted to its family, but shy around strangers. It should be introduced to children as a puppy. The breed is usually friendly with other dogs, but is not recommended around other small pets.

Manchester Terrier Breed Maintenance

The Manchester terrier requires almost no grooming to its short coat, making it ideal for the elderly or busy families. Occasionally brush to remove dead hair or rub down with a towel to give the coat a shine. Bathe when necessary. The toy Manchester sheds almost no hair, while the standard is an average shedder. Exercise can be met with a romp in the yard, however the Manchester loves to run and will make a great bicycle companion. The breed is active indoors and will do okay without access to a yard. It makes a great apartment pet. The Manchester terrier prefers warm climates, but may burn or get heat bumps if left in hot weather for long periods. Socialize puppies at an early age. Do not allow the breed off its leash, since it is a chaser by nature. Manchesters enjoy a soft, warm bed.

Manchester Terrier Ratings & Reviews

Review Manchester Terrier